Author Topic: Adhikaranam  (Read 613 times)

Dr. Sadananda

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« on: March 01, 2015, 02:00:49 PM »

      vishhayaH sa.nshayaH cha eva puurva-pakshastatottaram.h |
      sa~NgatiH cha iti pa~nchaa~Nga.n shaastra adhikaraNam smR^itam.h ||
      A topic should consists of five aspects:

1. vishhayaH - subject matter - Generally about the idea taken from the statements from dasha upanishad-s - is it Brahman or jiiva etc.

2. sa.nshayaH - What is the doubt in that statement or if there are several options available what is the most relevant among these - (if there is no doubt, there is no need for further discussion - whatever is self evident need not be inquired into).

3. puurva-pakshaH - the views of non-vedantins or other daarshanika-s with their reasoning.

4. siddhaantaH - the Vedantic conclusion which need to be established by refuting logically all other views and also showing that vedantic conclusion is free from logical defects - hence Brahmasutra is called nyaaya-suutra since every statement should be supported by logic.

5. sa~NgatiH - the connection between the two consecutive topics.

      Every topic should consist of all these five topics. Shankara brings out these five aspects with every sutra.

      With this background we discuss next Shankaracharya's introduction to Brahmasutra. This is called 'adhyaasa bhaashhyam' which Shankara introduces as the basis for his philosophy of nirvisheshha advaita before he begins his suutra-bhaashhya. But before we discuss the adhyaasa, we will first discuss the nature of 'anumaana' or logical inference, since this is extensively used in all bhaashhyam-s and in scientific investigations as well.

      With this we come to the end of the Introduction