Author Topic: Suutram or aphorism  (Read 570 times)

Dr. Sadananda

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Suutram or aphorism
« on: March 01, 2015, 02:02:25 PM »
Suutram or aphorism

      alpa aksharam asandigdham saaravat vishhvatomukham.h | astobham anavadhya.n cha suutram suutravido viduH ||

      The statement is believed to be from padmapuraaNam.

      The definition says sutra has to be

      1. alpa aksharam - very concise - very brief;
      2. asandigdham - clear without being vague or unambiguous (at least after the commentary)
      3. saaravat - should be pregnant with the meaning - with essentials
      4. vishvatomukham - having many meanings or many facets if possible.
      5. astobham - since it is logical science it should be free from glorification or praise since praise does not involve any logic and sometime no limit also
      6. anavadhyam - faultless or defectless - that is free from two defects, being 1. shabda doshha and 2. arthadoshha, that is free from grammatical mistakes and logical mistakes.

      Sutra literally means a 'thread'. For Brahmasutra, each suutra- serves as a thread, threading upanishhadic statements which form beads constituting different topics, adhikaraNas, presenting a coherent darshanam or philosophy. Shankara says in his introduction - vedaanta vaakya kusuma grathana arthatvaat suutraaNaam - Vedantic statements are like flowers - but the flowers are not arranged but randomly spread - but Vyasacharya has collected, rearranged and tied them beautifully through suutra-s to present as a beautiful garland and that is the garland of Vedanta Shastra.