Author Topic: Limitation of Scientific Logic  (Read 534 times)

Dr. Sadananda

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Limitation of Scientific Logic
« on: March 01, 2015, 01:57:06 PM »
Limitation of Scientific Logic

      Another important aspect, which is always taken for granted in scientific investigations, is the conclusion or inference can only be made about a specific object if the hetu or the perceptible data is gathered from that object or entity. For example, one cannot make conclusion about Mars if the collected data is from the moon. One can speculate about Mars, but inference is valid only for the moon since data is from the moon. It appears to be a common sense statement, but is a fundamental requirement for a valid anumaana, and many a time people argue without realizing that they are violating this simple common sense. Thus loci of the data and inference should pertain to the same object or paksha. If they are different then that anumaana is illogical or unscientific or speculative at best. Thus hetu and saadhyam must belong to the same paksha. We can state this niyama or rule as 'hetu saadhyayoH saamaanaadi karaNyam'.

      From this we reach an important conclusion. Scientist collects data from the observed universe. Thus all the data that is collected, or can be collected, are from 'anaatma' or perceptible universe. The data can range from as small as sub-atomic particles to as huge as the clusters of galaxies, but all belong to 'anaatma'. Hence paksha for all scientific investigations is 'anaatma' or perceptible universe. One cannot collect data from aatma - since we know from scriptures that aatma is 'ashabdam asparsham aruupam avyayam tathaa rasam nityam agandham..' - aatma is essentially unobservable. Hence all the observed data deal with 'anaatmaa'. Hence if scientific reasoning is used, all the scientific conclusions can only be about 'anaatma' and not about 'aatma'. Thus we reach an important conclusion that using scientific observations one can not arrive at any conclusions about 'aatma' because of the following niyama or rule that 'hetu saadhyayoH saamaanaadi karaNyam'. Hence the entire scientific reasoning is called 'laukika anumaanam', dealing with 'anaatma j~naanam' or 'aparaa vidyaa' alone. Thus 'laukika anumaana has no access to 'aatma-vidyaa'. The Upanishads declare, 'naishhaa tarkeNa matiraapaneya' - don't hope to arrive at aatma j~naanam through the scientific process of reasoning or anumaanam or logic because it has no access. It is similar to trying to 'hear' through the 'eyes'. It amounts to abuse or misuse of the pramaaNam. In Brahmasutra itself there is suutra to establish this - 'tarkasya apratishhThaanaat' that is tarka or logic can never finally prove anything with regard to aatmaa.