Author Topic: shaastriiya anumana  (Read 467 times)

Dr. Sadananda

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shaastriiya anumana
« on: March 01, 2015, 01:56:34 PM »
shaastriiya anumana

      Then question is how or where anumaana or logic is used by shaastram - what is the shaastriiya anumaanam which is used in Brahmasutra that is different from laukika anumaanam or scientific reasoning? laukika anumaanam is based on the perceptual based data. For any anumaana 'valid data' is important and based on which inference can be made. Therefore shaastriiya anumaanam also involves data collection. The difference between laukika and shaastriiya or alaukika is only with reference to the source of the data. Scientific observations or laukika data are important for laukika anumaanam. For shaastriiya anumaana, since we are dealing with aatmaa, we cannot collect data from anaatmaa, that is, through observations or by perception. The data can only be collected from shaastram itself.

      Therefore it is shaastra based data collection. Hence all shaastriiya anumaanam-s used in Brahmasutra are based on the data collected from shaastram only.

      Implication of this is that we must first accept that shaastram is the means for collecting the data required for shaastriiya anumaanam, just as a scientist accepts the observations as a means for collecting data for laukika anumaanam. Once a scientist accepts the observations are correct, he does not question anymore the validity of the data, he only questions the conclusions that can be arrived at using the data. Sometimes different theories are put forth to explain the same data. The theories can be incorrect but not the observations. This statement becomes little bit shaky as we go into quantum mechanics. Even the scientists are beginning to question now the validity of the perceptual data to gain the knowledge of the universe - 'do I see because there is a thing or is there a thing because I see' - akin to the questions raised in Advaita concerning the creation in terms of sR^ishhTi-dR^ishhTi or dR^ishhTi-sR^ishTi.

      When it comes to shaastra anumaana, all the aastika darshana-s have accepted that shaastra is a valid source for collecting data, which cannot be disputed. Just as in scientific inference, what one can dispute is the conclusion arrived at from the data but not about the data itself.

      Advaita, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita are conclusions arrived at based on the shaastric statements - one can question these conclusions but not the shaastric statements since they are accepted as valid data, therefore cannot be questioned. Without valid data no anumaana can have a basis.

      One can have speculations or beliefs without data, but for anumaanam valid data are essential. Since for shaastriiya anumaanam the hetu is based on shaastram, that requires a basic assumption that one must be 'aastika', that is accept shaastra as valid means of knowledge. For a 'naastika' person, that is those who do not accept that shaastra is a valid means of knowledge or pramaaNa, Brahmasutra which is based on shaastriiya anumaana is of no use.