Author Topic: Analysis of the word shaastra and yoni  (Read 574 times)

Dr. Sadananda

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Analysis of the word shaastra and yoni
« on: February 24, 2015, 11:41:29 AM »
Analysis of the word shaastra and yoni

      shaastra has the same meaning as veda or vedaanta and yoni means source of knowledge or pramaaNam. Grammatical difference is also there between the two meanings. In the first interpretation it is tatpurusha samaasa or compound - shaastrasya yoniH kartaa brahma,  Brahman is the author of shaaastra. In the second interpretation it is bahuvriihi samaasa or compound - shaastram yoniH pramaaNam yasya tat, shaastram is the means of knowledge of that which is Brahman.

      (A little digression: To see the difference between the tatpurusha and bahuvriihi samaasa - a story is told - an intelligent beggar approached a king and said - aham cha tvam cha raajendra lokanaathau ubhaavapi | bahuuvriihi samaaso.aham shhashhTii tatpurusho bhavaan ||

      Oh! King, myself and your self, both are lokanaatha -s (world-masters) - before the King become furious, the beggar continued, in my case the word lokanaatha should be split into bahuvriihi samaasa and in your case it should be tatpurusha samaasa.

      In the tatpurusha samaasa lokanaatha means lokasya naathaH - the master of the world. In the case of bahuvriihi samaasa, lokanaatha means lokaH naathaH yasya saH lokanathaH - the one for whom the world is the master. Similar story is told about rameshwara linga - the linga that Rama worshiped. Rama interprets as tatpurusha that is raamasya iishwaraH, the Lord of Rama; and Shiva interprets as bahuuvriihi samaasa that is raamaH iishwaraH yasya saH, the one for whom Rama is the Lord.) In bahuvriihi samaasa, shaastra yoni means shaastra pramaaNakam or shaastra vedyam which implies that it is shaastraa vishhayaH, brahman - Brahman is the subject matter of shaastram. Hence it is not available for anumnaana pramaaNam.