Author Topic: Analysis of the word 'tu'  (Read 396 times)

Dr. Sadananda

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Analysis of the word 'tu'
« on: February 22, 2015, 02:01:52 PM »
Analysis of the word 'tu'


      We will now analyze the word 'tu', which we skipped before for convenience. It is the most important word of this suutra. This simple looking word 'tu' received the most elaborate analysis by Bhagavatpada Shankara.

      The word 'tu' is used for emphasis. In English it means only or alone. We have said that Brahman is the subject matter of Vedanta shaastram. By adding 'tu' Vyasacharya is emphasizing that Brahman alone is the subject matter of Vedanta shaastra. This is called avadhaaraNam or emphasis. Indirectly Vyasa is implying that nothing else is the subject matter. Hence every emphasis involves indirectly a negation of non-essentials. This exclusion in Sanskrit is called vyaavR^itti - thus every avadhaaraNam implies a vyaavR^itti. tu shabdhaH vyavR^ityarthaH. Hence Shankara says 'tu' involves puurvapaksha vyaavR^itti artham. By using the word 'tu', Vyasa is negating all other interpretations, and all other puurvapakshi-s.